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English Teaching Forum 2002 (Volume 40, Number 1)
This issue is the first in a series celebrating ET Forum's 40th anniversary. Article topics include communicative curriculum design, problem solving, self-assessment for evaluation, drama, and more.

This issue is the first in a series celebrating ET Forum's 40th anniversary. Articles topics include communicative curriculum design, problem solving, self-assessment for evaluation, drama, and more.

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For international subscriptions of English Teaching Forum please contact the Public Affairs or Cultural Affairs section of the U.S. Embassy in your country.

U.S. Subscriptions: English Teaching Forum is exempted from the Congressional restriction on distribution of Department of State-produced materials in the United States. U.S. residents who want to order the printed edition can order from the U.S. Superintendent of Documents.
 

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Add to my library  Communicative Curriculum Design for the 21st CenturyExpand

This piece looks at Communicative Language Teaching, or CLT, for teaching EFL. The author discusses the history, the focus, and the future of CLT. The article describes how to shape a communicative curriculum and the five components that it is composed of: language arts, language for a purpose, personal English use, theater arts, and beyond the classroom. The article emphasizes the variation of CLT within each classroom.

Author: Sandra J. Savignon
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Add to my library  Real-Life Problem Solving: A Collaborative Learning ActivityExpand

This article emphasizes the importance of classroom activities that promote interaction and real-life problem-solving skills. The author describes a real-life problem-solving activity that she implements within her own classroom, consisting of multiple groups of students following a seven-step process. The steps she emphasizes include:  state the problem, analyze, brainstorm, decide, think though, identify, and follow up. The author suggests how the activity can be used in a variety of classrooms and age levels.

Author: Karen Englander
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Add to my library  From Page to Stage: Lord of the FliesExpand

This article shares the importance of promoting drama activities within classrooms in a way that will develop language. The authors share a project they implemented in a tenth grade English classroom with the novel “Lord of the Flies.” They present the details of their preparation strategies as well as a step-by-step process. The article discusses how successful the project turned out to be as well as how drama can enhance English classrooms.

Authors: Helen Lucas, Tuomas Hiltunen
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Add to my library  Using Self-Assessment for EvaluationExpand

This article explains the usefulness of self-assessment for learning purposes as well as evaluation purposes. The author emphasizes the ways that learners can conduct reliable, global self-assessment as well as three ways in which data-driven self-assessment can be done. The author discusses the purpose of self-assessment and provides specific instruments that can be used. The three data-driven self-assessments that are discussed include Portfolios, Pre- and Post-course writing, and Learner Contracts.

Author: Richard Watson Todd
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Add to my library  A View of the Past: The First Decade (1963 - 1972)Expand

“A View of the Past” is a special edition article that reflects major trends in English Language Teaching over the past 40 years. Included are four excerpts from the first decade of Forum. The excerpts include games for various classroom levels, intended for motivating language practice. There are guidelines for a conversation class, including emphasis on the atmosphere and enthusiasm, as well as understanding language change and the idea of a humanistic approach.

Author: Patricia Sullivan
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Add to my library  Fast Food World: The Hamburger Comes of AgeExpand

This article presents the history of the hamburger and the debate about who invented it as well as how it has become an icon among foods, spreading to a variety of other countries. The author shares the marketing strategies used by multiple businesses in order to attract customers as well as the franchising and growth that has come from such a simple product.

Author: William P. Ancker
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Add to my library  History of the HamburgerExpand

“The History of the Hamburger,” an article within “The Hamburger Comes of Age,” discusses the roots of the modern hamburger dating back to the German city of Hamburg. The author relates the hamburger’s move from Germany to Russia to the New World and the debate about the creators and the origins of the modern hamburger, as well as its various styles of preparation.

Author: Paulette C. Jordan
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Add to my library  Fast Food and GlobalizationExpand

“Fast Food and Globalization,” an article within “The Hamburger Comes of Age,” shares the story of a group of French people who demolished a McDonald’s restaurant in protest, which drew international media attention. The short article expresses how fast food is representative of the globalization process. The author provides examples of how a multitude of fast food restaurants have attempted to accommodate local tastes.

Author: William P. Ancker
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Add to my library  A Different View of Fast FoodExpand

“Another View of Fast Food,” the last article within “The Hamburger Comes of Age,” discusses the ingredients and nutrition facts of the worst diet in the world. The author discusses the calories, fat, additives, and lack of nutrients in fast foods. The author points out that this type of diet will have tremendous consequences on a person’s health as they age, and encourages readers to study the menus in fast food restaurants.

Authors: Andrew Weil, M.D.
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Add to my library  Abstracts from Other Journals Expand

Two abstracts are presented from other journals, “Transcending the Nativeness Paradigm” from World Englishes and “Enriching Reality: Language Corpora in Language Pedagogy” from ELT Journal. In the first, the authors argue that the binary classification of native or non-native speakers is based on socially constructed identity. They use four case studies based on four participants to validate their point. The authors of the second abstract argue that using corpora has been overlooked by L2 learners, and provide suggestions on how to incorporate this within a classroom.

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Add to my library  Teacher ResourcesExpand

Information about four resource books is provided. The first, “Film,” contains 68 games and activities based on films, each designed for students at various levels of proficiency. The second, “Imaginative Project,” includes project work and lesson plans for 11 to 17 year olds. The third, "Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages,” is a reference that contains 30 chapters on current topics about language teaching. Lastly, “American Roots” provides various readings on U.S. cultural history as well as various intermediate level exercises on the topic.

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Add to my library  Using L1 in the English ClassroomExpand

The author provides details on a case study she performed to examine the effectiveness of using the native language (L1) in foreign language classrooms. The article describes the details of her research design and her methods and procedures, including classroom observations, interviews, and questionnaires. One hundred first-year English major students in Beijing participated in her study. Included are the results of her study and a comparison of her findings to that of other researchers.

Author: Jinlan Tang
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Add to my library  Transforming the Whole Class into Gossiping GroupsExpand

This article discusses various communicative purposes displayed by speakers of a language, including focusing on the topic of gossiping as a universal language function and exploring ways to exploit our human tendency for gossip to provide language fluency practice. The author provides two different interactive gossip activities that can be used in the classroom to help students speak more fluently. Included are step-by-step details for each lesson plan and each activity.

Author: San Shwe Baw
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Add to my library  Clause Relationships and Macro Patterns: Coherence, Cohesion, and the Writing of Advanced ESOL StudentsExpand

This article discusses problems that non-native speakers of English may have in making their written texts cohesive and coherent. The author provides cohesive devices that can aid students in their writing and emphasizes the organization of ideas in order to build coherence. Included are activities designed to raise students' awareness of various patterns, help reformulate sentences, aid students in creating their own texts, and increase their ability to edit their own work.

Author: Helen Basturkmen
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Add to my library  The Lighter Side Expand

This is a logic puzzle called “Where’s the Beef.” This activity begins with a word search where students must find hidden words in a grid of letters, all related to McDonald’s and various fast food restaurant items. Also included in the game is a list of eleven related facts that students must read and analyze in order to answer the question stated at the beginning of the game. The activity is intended to help students practice vocabulary, spelling, and critical thinking.

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