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Format: 2015
English Teaching Forum 2014, Volume 52, Number 4
Forum cover
Fish are the subject of the feature article and the Classroom Activities section of this issue.

Spoken Grammar and Its Role in the English Language Classroom

Amanda Hilliard
Spoken grammar has an important role in communicative English language teaching, and teachers who understand how to teach it can improve their students’ fluency.

Personal Learning Environments for Supporting Out-of-Class Language Learning

Hayo Reinders
A Personal Learning Environment (PLE) is a combination of tools and resources chosen by a learner to support the learning process.

Integrating Environmental Education into a Genre-Based EFL Writing Class

Lestari Setyowati and Utami Widiati
This article offers practical ways to integrate environmental education into English language teaching by using the genre-based approach to teaching writing. The authors present a four-stage process for each of three types of writing—descriptive, narrative, and procedure—focusing the content of each type of writing on the environment.

Fish All Around Us

Phyllis McIntosh
This article takes a look at fish from various angles—from individuals keeping fish as a hobby, to medical offices providing aquariums to calm patients, to large public aquariums that thrill their visitors with hundreds of species of fish. A sidebar highlights U.S. locales that are popular for scuba diving and snorkeling.

Classroom Activities

This section presents three stand-alone English language-learning activities related to fish.

The Lighter Side: "Fish Tanks"

In these two puzzles, readers use clues and logic to place fish in the appropriate tanks.

Teaching Students to Categorize TOEFL Essay Topics

Stephan J. Franciosi
The author maintains that categorizing TOEFL iBT writing topics helps test takers because they will be more familiar with the topics and thus better able to write about them and because categorizing topics requires critical thinking about the topics. Using some of the 185 TOEFL prompt questions and 10 additional prompts, the article explores ways to code and analyze the prompts, illustrating the process with tables.
English Teaching Forum 2014, Volume 52, Number 3
forum 52 3
Is a dog really a person’s best friend? In this issue, dogs are the subject of the feature article, classroom activities, and The Lighter Side.

Assessment Literacy: Building a Base for Better Teaching and Learning

Dawn Rogier
This article presents principles and practices of effective assessment, outlining seven key concepts—usefulness, reliability, validity, practicality, washback, authenticity, and transparency—and demonstrating how to apply them in creating an exam blueprint.

Meeting EFL Learners Halfway by Using Locally Relevant Authentic Materials

Catherine Thomas
This article presents principles and practices of effective assessment, outlining seven key concepts—usefulness, reliability, validity, practicality, washback, authenticity, and transparency—and demonstrating how to apply them in creating an exam blueprint.

A Paragraph-First Approach to the Teaching of Academic Writing

David Gugin
This article begins by evaluating how academic writing is taught in EFL/ESL contexts—historically, the sentence has been seen as the basic element of written communication.

Entrepreneurship and Student Motivation

Julie Vorholt and Erica Harris
This article describes a three-week project-based unit on entrepreneurship conducted with students in communications classes in an Academic English context.

Canine Companions and Helpers

Phyllis McIntosh
This feature article highlights dog breeds that are popular in the United States and explores the health benefits and services that dogs provide to people. The article also discusses dog shows and dogs in popular culture.

Classroom Activities

Heather Benucci
This section presents three stand-alone English language-learning activities related to dogs.

The Lighter Side: "Dog Tricks"

In this puzzle, readers use clues to fill in commands that someone might give to a dog.
English Teaching Forum 2014, Volume 52, Number 2
Forum 52, Number 2 Cover Photo
Horses are the subject of the feature article and the Classroom Activities section of this issue.

Teaching the Native Speaker How to Teach English

Kelli Odhuu
This article offers guidelines for non-native-speaker teachers of English sharing teaching contexts with native speakers of English who have no teaching experience.

Integrating Language Skills through a Dictogloss Procedure

Benjamin Lee Stewart, Luis Humberto Rodríguez Silva, and Juan Antonio Torres González
The co-authors of this article present interactive and student-centered dictogloss activities as alternatives to dictation exercises.

Mingles in the Foreign Language Classroom

Elena Borzova
Mingles allow a student to speak to several classmates in succession, giving participating students practice in speaking and listening as they work to fill a gap in information, experience, opinion, or knowledge. This article outlines procedures for mingles and provides detailed information on specific mingles tasks.

Avoiding the Blank Stare: Teacher Training with the Gradual Release of Responsibility in Mind

Sandra Clark
This author asserts that the Gradual Release of Responsibility (GRR) model will improve teaching abilities in any setting.

Horses—Haulers, Racers, and Healers

Phyllis McIntosh
This feature article looks at the history of horses in North America and showcases American breeds of horses.

Classroom Activities

Jennifer Hodgson
This section presents three stand-alone English language-learning activities related to horses.

The Lighter Side: "Animal Sounds"

This puzzle invites students to make use of animal vocabulary and use letter clues to create words for the sounds that animals make.
English Teaching Forum 2014, Volume 52, Number 1
Forum 52, Number 1 Cover
Birds are the subject of the feature article, Classroom Activities, and The Lighter Side in this issue.

CALL Me … Maybe: A Framework for Integrating the Internet into ELT

George M. Chinnery
This article outlines reasons to use (or not use) the Internet in English language teaching, exploring the Internet as tutor and tool.

Beyond the Gap Fill: Dynamic Song Activities for Song in the EFL Classroom

Nico Lorenzutti
This author presents variable and stimulating activities using songs to encourage students to connect with language.

Digital Stories: A 21st-Century Communication Tool for the English Language Classroom

Kathy Brenner
This article lays out a 12-week digital storytelling project, describing the process in detail, including assessment, and pinpointing issues and challenges as well as benefits the project affords English language students.

Back Translating: An Integrated Approach to Focus Learners' Attention on Their L2 Knowledge Gaps

Yun Zhang and Cun Gao
This article describes a three-step process for using back translation in reading classes as a way to help students identify gaps in their English competence.

Birding—Fun and Science

Phyllis McIntosh
This feature article presents the basics of birding, or bird watching, and discusses its appeal, especially to serious birders. A section on “citizen scientists” explains organizations that collect data on birds and describes projects they organize.

Classroom Activities

Kevin McCaughey
This section presents three stand-alone English language-learning activities related to birds.

The Lighter Side: "Bird Logic"

This puzzle invites users to compare bird facts and use logic to determine the secret numbers assigned to ten birds.